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激光晶体

晶体最适用于激光应用。 UNI OPTICS提供以下晶体产品。

1.激光晶体和棒:YAG晶体,Nd:YVO4晶体
2.非线性晶体:BBO,KTP,LiNbO3,LBO。KDP&DKDP
3.双折射晶体:YVO4,a-BBO,方解石。


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相关产品
Optical color less glass
光学玻璃
光学玻璃可以改变光的方向,以及紫外光,可见光或红外光的相对光谱分布。光学玻璃材料是最常见的类型,因为它具有优异的光学性能,如高透光性和环境稳定性。
Colored Glass Substrates
有色玻璃(截至型,选择吸收型,中性密度型)

UNI Optics供应材料包括中性密度,短程,长通,带通,紫外线,红外线,吸热和色温转换滤光片。

UN Grade Fused Silica
融石英
融石英由硅和氧的化学结合形成。 熔融石英是一种完美的光学材料,因为它具有良好的紫外和红外透射率,低热膨胀系数。 它具有高稳定性,耐大温度偏移,宽温度工作范围和高激光损伤阈值的热冲击。
IR Optics material
红外材料

1.  Germanium (Ge)


Germanium (Ge) is the preferred lens and window material for high performance infrared imaging systems in the 8–12 μm wavelength band. Its high refractive index makes Ge ideal for low power imaging systems because of minimum surface curvature. Chromatic aberration is small, often eliminating the need for correction.

 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Crystal Form Poly or Single Crystal
Lattice Constant 5.66
Cleavability <111>, non-perfect
Molecular Weight 72.6
Physical properties
Density, at 20 °C 5.33
Hardness, Mohs 6.3
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 × 109 Hz at 300 K 16.6
Melting 937
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at at 293 K 59
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 298 K 6.1 × 10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kgK) at 273-373 K 0.074
Bandgap, eV 0.67
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 800
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 102.66
Shear Modulus, GPa 67.04
Bulk Modulus, GPa 77.86
Debye Temperature, K 370
Poissons Ratio 0.278
Elastic Coefficient C11=129, C12=48.3, C44=67.1
Apparent Elastic Limit 89.6 MPa (13000psi)
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Solubility in acids Soluble
Molecular Weight 72.59

2. Silicon (Si) 


Silicon (Si) is grown by Czochralski pulling techniques (CZ) and contains some oxygen that causes an absorption band at 9 microns.To avoid this, material can be prepared by a Float-Zone (FZ) process. Optical silicon is generally lightly doped (5 to 40 ohm cm) for best transmission above 10 microns, and doping is usually boron (P-type) and phosphorus (N-type). After doping silicon has a further pass band: 30 to 100 microns which is effective only in very high resistivity uncompensated material.
 
CZ Silicon is commonly used as substrate material for infrared reflectors and windows in the 1.5-8 micron region. The strong absorption band at 9 microns makes it unsuitable for CO2 laser transmission applications, but it is frequently used for laser mirrors because of its high thermal conductivity and low density. Application as window, lens in the 1.5 - 8 um region; Mirror for CO2 laser and spectrometer applications.
 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Lattice Constant, A 5.43
Physical properties
Density 2.33g/cm3
Hardness, Mohs 7
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 x 109 Hz 13
Melting point, оС 1414
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at 313 K 163
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 293 K 2.6x10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kg°C) 712.8
Bandgap, eV 1.1
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 1100
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 130.91
Shear Modulus, GPan 79.92
Bulk Modulus, GPa 101.97
Debye Temperature, K 640
Poissons Ratio 0.28
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Molecular Weight 28.09

3、ZnS material:


ZnS MultiSpectral Under intense heat and pressure, defects within the crystalline lattice are virtually eliminated, leaving a water-clear material with minimal scatter and high transmission characteristics from 0.4 to 12 microns. This material is particularly well suited for high-performance common aperture systems that must perform across a broad wavelength spectrum.

Specifications:

Material: ZnS MultiSpectral
Diameter Tolerance: --------------------- +0.0, -0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance: -------------------- ±0.1mm
Clear Aperture: ---------------------------->85%
Parallelism: -----------------------------------3 arc minute
Surface Quality: ----------------------------80-50 scratch and dig
Wavefront Distortion: -------------------- λ /2 per 25mm @633mm
Bevel: -----------------------------------------Protective  (<0.2mm x 45° )
Coating: -------------------------------------- Optional (Uncoated, AR Coating, etc.)


4. ZnSe material


ZnSe is a preferred material for lenses, windows, output couplers and beam expanders for its low absorptivity at infrared wavelengths and its visible transmission. For high-power applications, it’s critical that the material bulk absorption and internal defect structure be carefully controlled, that minimum-damage polishing technology be employed, and the highest quality optical thin-film coatings are used. The material absorption is verified by CO2 laser vacuum calorimetry. Our quality assurance department provides testing and specific optics certification on request.

ZnSe is non-hygroscopic and chemically stable, unless treated with strong acids. It’s safe to use in most industrial field, and laboratory environments.



熔融石英窗片
高精度紫外熔融石英窗片

熔融石英窗片具有低热膨胀性,在温度大幅改变、宽热工作范围和高激光损伤阈值下具有稳定性和抗热冲击性,,是从紫外到红外传输的更好选择。

菱形棱镜
高精度菱形棱镜

菱形棱镜的应用是在不影响图像方向的情况下控制和重定向光路。它们可以用来取代光学中心线的光束折叠和不同尺寸的立体系统.

鍺窗口片
红外窗口片鍺窗口片
锗是8-12微米波段高性能红外成像系统的首选镜头和窗口材料。其高折射率使Ge成为低功率成像系统的理想选择。色差很小,通常不需要校正。
定制平凹圆型柱面镜
平凹圆型柱面镜

平凹柱面镜为合成光束扩散及其广泛应用提供了单轴负成像。如果需要柱面镜凹面作为反射镜,这些透镜可用作镜坯。

激光透镜
激光等级透镜

激光透镜用于在各种激光应用中聚焦来自激光束的准直光。激光透镜包括一系列透镜类型,包括平凸透镜,激光划线透镜或激光发生器透镜。 激光头设计用于根据透镜类型以几种不同的方式聚焦光线,例如聚焦到一个点,一条线或一个环。许多不同的镜头类型可用于各种波长。

微型元件锥透镜
3mm直径镀铝膜锥透镜

锥形透镜是圆柱形棒透镜,其一端加工成锥形表面。 通常研磨杆的圆周,而抛光锥形表面。

BK7平凸方形柱面镜
平凸方形柱面镜
平凸矩形柱面透镜可用于广泛应用中的线性成像或单轴放大。 这些镜头可以与其他镜头组合以形成复杂的成像系统。
中性密度滤光片
光学玻璃中性密度滤光片
中性密度滤光片让摄影师非常容易地控制图像中的曝光。该滤光片阻止光线到达相机传感器,因此我们可以让相机在更长的时间内保持更大的通光孔径。
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