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红外材料

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1.  Germanium (Ge)


Germanium (Ge) is the preferred lens and window material for high performance infrared imaging systems in the 8–12 μm wavelength band. Its high refractive index makes Ge ideal for low power imaging systems because of minimum surface curvature. Chromatic aberration is small, often eliminating the need for correction.

 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Crystal Form Poly or Single Crystal
Lattice Constant 5.66
Cleavability <111>, non-perfect
Molecular Weight 72.6
Physical properties
Density, at 20 °C 5.33
Hardness, Mohs 6.3
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 × 109 Hz at 300 K 16.6
Melting 937
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at at 293 K 59
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 298 K 6.1 × 10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kgK) at 273-373 K 0.074
Bandgap, eV 0.67
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 800
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 102.66
Shear Modulus, GPa 67.04
Bulk Modulus, GPa 77.86
Debye Temperature, K 370
Poissons Ratio 0.278
Elastic Coefficient C11=129, C12=48.3, C44=67.1
Apparent Elastic Limit 89.6 MPa (13000psi)
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Solubility in acids Soluble
Molecular Weight 72.59

2. Silicon (Si) 


Silicon (Si) is grown by Czochralski pulling techniques (CZ) and contains some oxygen that causes an absorption band at 9 microns.To avoid this, material can be prepared by a Float-Zone (FZ) process. Optical silicon is generally lightly doped (5 to 40 ohm cm) for best transmission above 10 microns, and doping is usually boron (P-type) and phosphorus (N-type). After doping silicon has a further pass band: 30 to 100 microns which is effective only in very high resistivity uncompensated material.
 
CZ Silicon is commonly used as substrate material for infrared reflectors and windows in the 1.5-8 micron region. The strong absorption band at 9 microns makes it unsuitable for CO2 laser transmission applications, but it is frequently used for laser mirrors because of its high thermal conductivity and low density. Application as window, lens in the 1.5 - 8 um region; Mirror for CO2 laser and spectrometer applications.
 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Lattice Constant, A 5.43
Physical properties
Density 2.33g/cm3
Hardness, Mohs 7
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 x 109 Hz 13
Melting point, оС 1414
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at 313 K 163
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 293 K 2.6x10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kg°C) 712.8
Bandgap, eV 1.1
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 1100
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 130.91
Shear Modulus, GPan 79.92
Bulk Modulus, GPa 101.97
Debye Temperature, K 640
Poissons Ratio 0.28
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Molecular Weight 28.09

3、ZnS material:


ZnS MultiSpectral Under intense heat and pressure, defects within the crystalline lattice are virtually eliminated, leaving a water-clear material with minimal scatter and high transmission characteristics from 0.4 to 12 microns. This material is particularly well suited for high-performance common aperture systems that must perform across a broad wavelength spectrum.

Specifications:

Material: ZnS MultiSpectral
Diameter Tolerance: --------------------- +0.0, -0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance: -------------------- ±0.1mm
Clear Aperture: ---------------------------->85%
Parallelism: -----------------------------------3 arc minute
Surface Quality: ----------------------------80-50 scratch and dig
Wavefront Distortion: -------------------- λ /2 per 25mm @633mm
Bevel: -----------------------------------------Protective  (<0.2mm x 45° )
Coating: -------------------------------------- Optional (Uncoated, AR Coating, etc.)


4. ZnSe material


ZnSe is a preferred material for lenses, windows, output couplers and beam expanders for its low absorptivity at infrared wavelengths and its visible transmission. For high-power applications, it’s critical that the material bulk absorption and internal defect structure be carefully controlled, that minimum-damage polishing technology be employed, and the highest quality optical thin-film coatings are used. The material absorption is verified by CO2 laser vacuum calorimetry. Our quality assurance department provides testing and specific optics certification on request.

ZnSe is non-hygroscopic and chemically stable, unless treated with strong acids. It’s safe to use in most industrial field, and laboratory environments.



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Optical color less glass
光学玻璃
光学玻璃可以改变光的方向,以及紫外光,可见光或红外光的相对光谱分布。光学玻璃材料是最常见的类型,因为它具有优异的光学性能,如高透光性和环境稳定性。
Colored Glass Substrates
有色玻璃(截至型,选择吸收型,中性密度型)

UNI Optics供应材料包括中性密度,短程,长通,带通,紫外线,红外线,吸热和色温转换滤光片。

UN Grade Fused Silica
融石英
融石英由硅和氧的化学结合形成。 熔融石英是一种完美的光学材料,因为它具有良好的紫外和红外透射率,低热膨胀系数。 它具有高稳定性,耐大温度偏移,宽温度工作范围和高激光损伤阈值的热冲击。
Laser Crystal
激光晶体

晶体最适用于激光应用。 UNI OPTICS提供以下晶体产品。

1.激光晶体和棒:YAG晶体,Nd:YVO4晶体
2.非线性晶体:BBO,KTP,LiNbO3,LBO。KDP&DKDP
3.双折射晶体:YVO4,a-BBO,方解石。


熔融石英窗片
高精度紫外熔融石英窗片

熔融石英窗片具有低热膨胀性,在温度大幅改变、宽热工作范围和高激光损伤阈值下具有稳定性和抗热冲击性,,是从紫外到红外传输的更好选择。

BK7镀增透膜窗片
BK7镀增透膜窗片

BK7窗口是最常见的窗口类型。在可见光和近红外波段具有良好的性能。同时,BK7窗口是理想的应用需要最小的传输光束偏差。适用于AR涂层。

菱形棱镜
高精度菱形棱镜

菱形棱镜的应用是在不影响图像方向的情况下控制和重定向光路。它们可以用来取代光学中心线的光束折叠和不同尺寸的立体系统.

蓝宝石窗片
镀增透膜蓝宝石窗片

蓝宝石窗片在高温下保持高强度,具有良好的热性能和卓越的透明度。它在高达1000°C的温度下对常见的酸和碱具有耐化学性,对于低于300°C的氟化氢也具有耐化学性。 这些特性促使其广泛用于需要在从真空紫外线到近红外范围内的进行光传输的恶劣环境中。

装配的带通滤光片
机器视觉带通滤光片


带通滤光片是一种通过一定范围内的频率并拒绝(衰减)该范围之外频率的装置,它用于选择性地传输一部分光谱,同时拒绝所有其他波长


色散棱镜
30° - 60° - 90°色散棱镜

色散棱镜用于需要将入射光分离成其组成波长的应用中。例如,当白光进入色散棱镜时,它被分成三个部分:红、绿和蓝。色散棱镜是理想的光谱学或激光调谐。

可见光镀增透消色差透镜
宽带增透膜消色差透镜

消色差透镜用来减小或消除色差。消色差透镜设计亦有助于减少球面像差。消色差透镜是一系列应用的理想选择,包括荧光显微镜、图像中继、检测或光谱学。消色差透镜通常是将两个元件胶合在一起或将两个元件安装在一个机械件中,它所产生的光斑尺寸比类似的单透镜要小。


高精度五角棱镜
N-BK7五角棱镜

在光学系统中,五棱镜是用来定义直角的,它能够提供右手图像,特点是使光线偏离90°。五角棱镜是具有五个面的棱镜,不受轻微运动的影响。福州优恩立光电提供多种五角棱镜,在紫外,可见光,和红外光谱范围具有良好的光学性能。

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