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融石英

融石英由硅和氧的化学结合形成。 熔融石英是一种完美的光学材料,因为它具有良好的紫外和红外透射率,低热膨胀系数。 它具有高稳定性,耐大温度偏移,宽温度工作范围和高激光损伤阈值的热冲击。
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  • 描述
Fused Silica is formed by chemical combination of silicon and oxygen. Fused Silica is perfect optical material due to its good UV and IR transmission, low coefficient of thermal expansion. It has high stability and resistance to thermal shock over large temperature excursions, wide temperature operating range and high laser damage threshold.
 
Properties
Density 2.20g/cm3
Abbe Constant 67.6
Refractive Index (nd) at 588nm 1.4586
Wavelength
(um)
Refractive
 Index (n)
Wavelength
(um)
Refractive
Index (n)
0.2 1.55051 1 1.45042
0.22 1.52845 1.064 1.44962
0.25 1.50745 1.1 1.4492
0.3 1.48779 1.2 1.44805
0.32 1.48274 1.3 1.44692
0.36 1.47529 1.5 1.44462
0.4 1.47012 1.6 1.44342
0.45 1.46557 1.7 1.44217
0.488 1.46302 1.8 1.44087
0.5 1.46233 1.9 1.43951
0.55 1.46008 2 1.43809
0.588 1.4586 2.2 1.43501
0.6 1.45804 2.4 1.43163
0.633 1.45702 2.6 1.42789
0.65 1.45653 2.8 1.42377
0.7 1.45529 3 1.41925
0.75 1.45424 3.2 1.41427
0.8 1.45332 3.37 1.4099
0.85 1.4525 3.507 1.40566
0.9 1.45175 3.707 1.39936
 

There are different types Fused Silica according the different application. In China, there are mainly three types, i.e. JGS1, JGS2, JGS3.Below are the application and their equivalent to other Fused Silica supplier.


JGS1


UV grade Fused Silica: (JGS1) is synthetic amorphous silicon dioxide of extremely high purity. This non-crystalline, colorless silica glass combines a very low thermal expansion coefficient with good optical qualities, and excellent transmittance in thf orientation and temperature instability inherent in the crystalline form. Fused silica is used for both transmissive at ultraviolet. Transmission and homogeneity exceed those of crystalline quartz without the problems on reflective optics, especially where high laser damage threshold is required. JGS1 is transparent in the ultraviolet and visible regions, and has no absorption bands in the 170-250 nm wavelength intervals. It has an intensive OH absorption band in the interval of wavelength 2600-2800 nm.  


JGS1 is used for optics operating in the deep UV and the visible wavelength range (Laser Lenses, Windows, Prisms, Mirrors, etc.). It is practically free of bubbles and inclusions.



JGS2


Optical Grade Fused Quartz (JGS2) provides good UV and visible transmission. It has almost the same physical and chemical properties with JGS1. However only in thin & small sheet pieces, JGS2 is virtually bubble-free. Elements built from larger pieces will most likely contain bubbles, so application should not be sensitive to these inclusions. But in cases where simple light gathering and strong mechanical properties are the primary goals, JGS2 grade provides excellent performance at a low price.  Ideal Applications for JGS2:  


● Condenser optics not concerned with scatter or distortion
● High temperature and pressure applications
● Optical flats, microscope slides and sight glasses


JGS3


JGS3:equivalent to Suprasil 300 (Heraeus). JGS3 is transparent in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared spectral regions, without considerable absorption bands in the 185-250 nm spectral region.

 

Hardness 5.5 - 6.5 Mohs Scale 570 KHN 100 
Design Tensile Strength 4.8x107 Pa (N/mm2) (7000 psi) 
Design Compressive Strength Greater than 1.1x109 Pa (160,000 psi) 
Bulk Modulus 3.7x1010 Pa (5.3x106 psi) 
Rigidity Modulus 3.1x1010 Pa (4.5x106 psi) 
Youngs Modulus 7.2x10-10 Pa (10.5x106 psi) 
Poissons Ratio 0.17 
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 5.5x10-7cm/cm.°C (20°C-320°C) 
Thermal Conductivity 1.4 W/m.°C 
Specific Heat 670 J/kg.°C 
Softening Point 1683°C 
Annealing Point 1215°C 
Strain Point 1120°C 
Electrical Receptivity 7x107 ohm.cm (350°C) 
Dielectric Properties (20°C and 1 MHz)
Constant 3.75
Strength 5x107 V/m
Loss Factor Less than 4x10-4
Dissipation Factor Less than 1x10-4 
Velocity of Sound-Shear Wave 3.75x103 m/s 
Velocity of Sound/Compression Wave 5.90x103 m/s 
Sonic Attenuation Less than 11 db/m MHz 
Permeability Constants (cm3mm/cm2 sec cm of Hg) (700°C)
Helium 210x10-10
Hydrogen 21x10-10
Deuterium 17x10-10
Neon 9.5x10-17
Chemical Stability (except hydrofluoric) High resistance to water and acids 


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光学玻璃
光学玻璃可以改变光的方向,以及紫外光,可见光或红外光的相对光谱分布。光学玻璃材料是最常见的类型,因为它具有优异的光学性能,如高透光性和环境稳定性。
Colored Glass Substrates
有色玻璃(截至型,选择吸收型,中性密度型)

UNI Optics供应材料包括中性密度,短程,长通,带通,紫外线,红外线,吸热和色温转换滤光片。

IR Optics material
红外材料

1.  Germanium (Ge)


Germanium (Ge) is the preferred lens and window material for high performance infrared imaging systems in the 8–12 μm wavelength band. Its high refractive index makes Ge ideal for low power imaging systems because of minimum surface curvature. Chromatic aberration is small, often eliminating the need for correction.

 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Crystal Form Poly or Single Crystal
Lattice Constant 5.66
Cleavability <111>, non-perfect
Molecular Weight 72.6
Physical properties
Density, at 20 °C 5.33
Hardness, Mohs 6.3
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 × 109 Hz at 300 K 16.6
Melting 937
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at at 293 K 59
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 298 K 6.1 × 10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kgK) at 273-373 K 0.074
Bandgap, eV 0.67
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 800
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 102.66
Shear Modulus, GPa 67.04
Bulk Modulus, GPa 77.86
Debye Temperature, K 370
Poissons Ratio 0.278
Elastic Coefficient C11=129, C12=48.3, C44=67.1
Apparent Elastic Limit 89.6 MPa (13000psi)
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Solubility in acids Soluble
Molecular Weight 72.59

2. Silicon (Si) 


Silicon (Si) is grown by Czochralski pulling techniques (CZ) and contains some oxygen that causes an absorption band at 9 microns.To avoid this, material can be prepared by a Float-Zone (FZ) process. Optical silicon is generally lightly doped (5 to 40 ohm cm) for best transmission above 10 microns, and doping is usually boron (P-type) and phosphorus (N-type). After doping silicon has a further pass band: 30 to 100 microns which is effective only in very high resistivity uncompensated material.
 
CZ Silicon is commonly used as substrate material for infrared reflectors and windows in the 1.5-8 micron region. The strong absorption band at 9 microns makes it unsuitable for CO2 laser transmission applications, but it is frequently used for laser mirrors because of its high thermal conductivity and low density. Application as window, lens in the 1.5 - 8 um region; Mirror for CO2 laser and spectrometer applications.
 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Lattice Constant, A 5.43
Physical properties
Density 2.33g/cm3
Hardness, Mohs 7
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 x 109 Hz 13
Melting point, оС 1414
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at 313 K 163
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 293 K 2.6x10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kg°C) 712.8
Bandgap, eV 1.1
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 1100
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 130.91
Shear Modulus, GPan 79.92
Bulk Modulus, GPa 101.97
Debye Temperature, K 640
Poissons Ratio 0.28
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Molecular Weight 28.09

3、ZnS material:


ZnS MultiSpectral Under intense heat and pressure, defects within the crystalline lattice are virtually eliminated, leaving a water-clear material with minimal scatter and high transmission characteristics from 0.4 to 12 microns. This material is particularly well suited for high-performance common aperture systems that must perform across a broad wavelength spectrum.

Specifications:

Material: ZnS MultiSpectral
Diameter Tolerance: --------------------- +0.0, -0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance: -------------------- ±0.1mm
Clear Aperture: ---------------------------->85%
Parallelism: -----------------------------------3 arc minute
Surface Quality: ----------------------------80-50 scratch and dig
Wavefront Distortion: -------------------- λ /2 per 25mm @633mm
Bevel: -----------------------------------------Protective  (<0.2mm x 45° )
Coating: -------------------------------------- Optional (Uncoated, AR Coating, etc.)


4. ZnSe material


ZnSe is a preferred material for lenses, windows, output couplers and beam expanders for its low absorptivity at infrared wavelengths and its visible transmission. For high-power applications, it’s critical that the material bulk absorption and internal defect structure be carefully controlled, that minimum-damage polishing technology be employed, and the highest quality optical thin-film coatings are used. The material absorption is verified by CO2 laser vacuum calorimetry. Our quality assurance department provides testing and specific optics certification on request.

ZnSe is non-hygroscopic and chemically stable, unless treated with strong acids. It’s safe to use in most industrial field, and laboratory environments.



Laser Crystal
激光晶体

晶体最适用于激光应用。 UNI OPTICS提供以下晶体产品。

1.激光晶体和棒:YAG晶体,Nd:YVO4晶体
2.非线性晶体:BBO,KTP,LiNbO3,LBO。KDP&DKDP
3.双折射晶体:YVO4,a-BBO,方解石。


光学玻璃弯月透镜
正弯月透镜和负弯月透镜
正弯月透镜是凸凹透镜,但在中心处比在边缘处更厚。 它们被抛光并且普遍用于眼科行业,其中惯例规定镜片屈光度在屈光度中指定。

负弯月透镜是凸凹透镜,但在中心处比在边缘处更薄。 否则描述类似于平凹面镜片。

菱形棱镜
高精度菱形棱镜

菱形棱镜的应用是在不影响图像方向的情况下控制和重定向光路。它们可以用来取代光学中心线的光束折叠和不同尺寸的立体系统.

有色玻璃窗片
镀增透膜有色玻璃窗片
有色玻璃改变了光辐射的光谱特性。 因此,它们允许在需要改变的情况下进行科学实验和工业应用。 您可以将彩色玻璃滤镜组合在一起以更改带通或增加衰减。
微型元件锥透镜
3mm直径镀铝膜锥透镜

锥形透镜是圆柱形棒透镜,其一端加工成锥形表面。 通常研磨杆的圆周,而抛光锥形表面。

强脉冲滤光片
IPL滤光片

IPL滤光片是IPL(强脉冲光)机器的关键光学元件,可阻挡紫外波,并为激光设备传输400nm1200nm的有用波,如光子嫩肤脱毛血管和痤疮治疗皮肤再生


微型元件棒透镜
棒透镜

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镀增透膜BK7直角棱镜
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直角棱镜通常用于改变光路,或用于将光束重新定向90°。直角棱镜是设计成90°角的棱镜,根据棱镜的方向产生倒置或反转的左手图像,同时使用两个直角棱镜是理想的使图像或光束位移的应用这些棱镜也被称为镜像反射棱镜

高精度分光棱镜
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